Meet R.J. Scaringe, Founder Of Rivian Automotive—And Tesla’s Worst Nightmare

The talk of November’s Los Angeles Auto Show wasn’t Mercedes-Benz, Porsche, BMW or any of the usual luxury car suspects. Rather, the buzzwas created by a little-known electric-vehicle builder, Rivian Automotive, based in Plymouth, Michigan. After nearly ten years of developing EV technology, the company unveiled its first two battery-powered autos: the R1S, a seven-seat sport utility vehicle, and the R1T pickup truck.

Designed for people with active lifestyles, the so-called adventure vehicles exhibit a Range Rover aesthetic—rugged, capable and luxurious—and are packed with the latest high-tech amenities such as internet connectivity and a host of autonomous driver-safety features.

“Adventure is life,” gushes R.J. Scaringe, Rivian’s 36-year-old founder and CEO. “[Your destination] could be fishing, it could be golfing, it could be taking the family out for lunch.”

Scaringe’s love affair with “things that move,” as he puts it, began as a child. As soon as he was old enough to handle tools, he helped a neighbor rebuild Porsche 356s in his garage in Melbourne, Florida. “My favorite was a late-1950s Speedster,” Scaringe says. By high school he had become obsessed with the idea of building his own brand of automobiles, and he gained the knowledge to do so by earning his doctorate in mechanical engineering from MIT’s prestigious Sloan Automotive Lab.

Nature Toy: Rivian’s R1S looks so posh standing still, it’s hard to believe the seven-seat SUV can be so ferocious on or off the hardtop.

Nature Toy: Rivian’s R1S looks so posh standing still, it’s hard to believe the seven-seat SUV can be so ferocious on or off the hardtop. RIVIAN

While there, however, the budding automaker became conflicted. “It was frustrating knowing the things I loved were simultaneously the things that were making the air dirtier and causing all sorts of issues, everything from geopolitical conflict to the smog to climate change,” Scaringe says. So he changed course, deciding instead to focus on environmentally friendly electric vehicles.

A slow-rolling startup, Rivian was founded in 2009 and began to develop an electric sports coupe, much like Tesla’s Roadster, Scaringe admits. But within a couple years, that plan was shelved. “[We weren’t] building something that the world truly needed that was different than other things in the market,” he says. Undeterred, the young entrepreneur changed directions once again, redefining the company’s mission around the future of mobility and focusing on luxury utility vehicles.

So why has it taken nearly a decade to produce any vehicles? “[We’ve been] getting all of the pieces lined up,” Scaringe says. That consists of developing the technology, putting together a strong business plan, ­building the organization, and setting up a supply chain and a manufacturing system. He’s also spent years building a dream team of engineers and designers, including Mark Vinnels, Rivian’s executive ­director of engineering, who came from McLaren (where he developed the much lusted-after 720S and MP4-12C), and Jeff Hammoud, the vice president of design and a veteran of Jeep, where he oversaw the Grand Cherokee and the Wrangler.

To fund his electric dreams, Scaringe raised $450 million from three major investors: the Saudi Arabia-based investment group Abdul Latif Jameel, which has strong ties to MIT; Japan’s Su­mi­tomo Corp.; and London’s Standard Chartered Bank.

Rivian employs around 700 people, half at its engineering center in Plymouth; most of the rest are at tech centers in San Jose and Irvine, California, with a few at an engineering facility in the United Kingdom. More will be added over the next two years as the company ramps up manufacturing operations at its facility in Normal, Illinois, a former Mitsubishi plant Rivian acquired in 2017 for $16 million.

Technically speaking, the R1T and R1S are very similar. They are based on the same skateboard-style chassis (meaning that all mechanical components—battery, drivetrain, suspension—are contained in it). They claim to offer outstanding performance, including up to 400 miles of range, which is nearly 75 miles more than any other EV currently on the road or in the pipeline for the next two years. And they promise exceptional handling and sports car speed—both will be able to sprint from zero to 60 mph in 3 seconds. Above all, Rivian promises genuine off-road ability. Try driving your Tesla on the dunes of a beach or up a rocky hill.

The pickup will have a base price around $68,000, and the SUV will be $72,500 (and both come with a tax incentive). Though Rivian won’t share preorder figures, the company expects to deliver an ambitious 20,000 units (combined truck and SUV) in 2021 and 40,000 in 2022, which translates to approximately $1.4 billion and $2.8 billion, respectively, in sales. By comparison, Tesla sold 22,000 units of the Model S in its first full year and some 25,000 units of the Model X when it debuted.

Pickup Artistry: Coming or going, the R1T is a sporty beast. At 55 inches, the bed might be a little short for some applications. But it has two square meters of flat space. Without an ICE, there is another 330 liters of storage space under the hood.

Pickup Artistry: Coming or going, the R1T is a sporty beast. At 55 inches, the bed might be a little short for some applications. But it has two square meters of flat space. Without an ICE, there is another 330 liters of storage space under the hood. RIVIAN

Once production starts in Normal next year, the company, like Tesla, plans to sell ­directly to consumers, strategically placing a few ­display shops around the United States to get ­the Rivian name in front of the right customers. To provide more options, a five-passenger utility vehicle is also in the works, with more adventure models to come later, says Scaringe, who is careful not to overpromise: “I tend to be quiet to outsiders about what we’re doing. Let the results speak for ­themselves.”

A potentially more profitable revenue stream will come from selling Rivian’s technology to automakers and tech companies. “We can lev­erage our skateboard technology in its entirety or sell pieces of it, such as the battery pack,” Scaringe says. Although no partnerships have been announced, Rivian is in negotiations with a well-known brand that’s not a traditional automaker—but it won’t rule out working with one in the near future—and the company expects to get further investments of capital within the first quarter of 2019.

“R.J. has built a company that can pivot on a dime,” explains John Shook, a member of Rivian’s board of directors and a former production manager for Toyota in the U.S. and Japan.

Now that his lifelong mission to become a carmaker is a reality, Scaringe believes his priorities as a CEO include making sure the direction of the company is clear, that the right team is in place and that the culture allows people to work without silos or bureaucracy. But if push came to shove, the MIT engineer would rather be in the lab: “I really enjoy working our network architecture, thinking of our skateboard platform.” In other words, R.J. Scaringe has just started rolling.

Reach Chuck Tannert at Cover image by Ethan Pines forForbes.

This story appears in the February 28, 2019 issue of Forbes. Subscribe

I have been covering automobiles and the culture that celebrates them for more than two decades. My work has appeared in a variety of national and international publications, including Cargo, Fast Company, MSN, Popular Mechanics, and Road and Track. Lately, I’ve been obses

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